09-22-2016, 08:42 AM
One of the pillars of national security, economic stability
Faris Al Salman al - Rubaie *
concept of national security
is the concept of national security of the state as an expression of the protection of the government and parliament of the state and citizens by imposing political and economic power policies, and diplomatic and military, including the concept and the wide range of challenges that affect the non - military or economic state security.
In order to National Security safety, the country needs for economic security, energy security, and the security of water and other episodes that collectively constitute the national security system.
the national security challenges may not be limited to traditional from other countries opponents, but from non - state actors such as drug gangs, etc., and companies multinational and non - governmental organizations counterfeit, also includes the challenges of an attack Balvairusat electronic disasters and natural events.
and knows Henry Kissinger and former Secretary of State National security (National) that any action community seeks its way to preserve their right to stay.
as Robert McNamara, former US Secretary of defense , Viarafh as a means of evolution and development, both economic, social or political in light of guaranteed protection.
thus , the national security concept, in the general definitions that create appropriate conditions for the implementation of strategic plans for comprehensive development in order to secure the state from home and abroad so as to push threats in different dimensions, to the extent which guarantees for its people a stable life provide him with maximum power for the advancement and progress.
pillars of national security
is national security on three basic pillars: economic security , social security and political security, as follows:
. economic security: it is working to provide economic stability and the development of national industries and improve the ability living for citizens and provide all the requirements of the people of the materials and food service and provide ways to progress and prosperity and achieve a state of self - sufficiency of local resources as well as human resource development and the creation of economic and social sustainable development.
. social Security: a peaceful coexistence among all state components by accepting party the other, respect for the customs and traditions of other components , regardless of race, religion, sect or identity A walhaour safe.
. military security: the armed threat and build defense capabilities and read the intentions of future threats in order to defend social security, economic and political sense.
It is granted, that he does not can build a strong state without building a strong economy , he can operational budget financing and budget development and social well - being believes in stable security, political, and generates the conviction and enhances loyalty through the defense of the citizen for security and economic gains, as well as the strong economy will provide building a strong military force will defend turn on the power economic and political power.
adopts economic power on the diversification of the sources and the development and management in the best shape through key economic elements , namely: (
a) agriculture ,
food security achievement is through the achievement of self - sufficiency in agricultural production and animal at high rates, while the import of a few percentage of it import through foreign policy and employing diplomatic tools to achieve strategic check vital influence in the importing of which countries and the protection of import sources agreements, as well as the development of strategic alternatives to sources of import so as to create high flexibility to meet the political and economic crises and natural disasters.
the failure to achieve a high rate of self - sufficiency will lead to the expansion of import and depletion of foreign currency as well as a bow to blackmail the states monopoly on food commodities strategy.
order to achieve food security must be the expansion of the strategic crop production, as well as provides jobs and secures internal stability, and requires upgrading both vertically and horizontally in agricultural production in line with population growth and the abundance of water and the implementation of irrigation and drainage and reclamation projects.
the expansion of industrial crop production leads, in addition to meet domestic need, it achieves a financial surplus of hard currency, it can be used to cover the expenses of import products are not available in the country, and thereby bridge the food gap and the gap in the trade balance.
b - oil and mineral resources
have God on Iraq oil wealth tremendous successive governments did not improve its investment as the best, and what distinguishes the oil wealth that it is virtually distributed among all the territories and provinces of Iraq, as the gas found in oil reservoirs , as well as reservoirs gas independent.
the gas burned and wasted for decades, has recently been launched in gas exploitation in a limited way without the level of ambition.
sulfur in Iraq exist two types: miners and oil, and last companion of crude oil and separates in refineries, and must be the expansion of the establishment of industries using sulfur both types as well as the establishment and development of ports , raw sulfur factory for export, and to find foreign markets for export.
as Iraq needs to create industries petrochemical availability of new products fill themarket need as a first stage and are exporting the surplus as a second stage, and can the industry export alternative to a parallel oil yield saving, bringing Iraq could maneuver if oil prices fell.
if we had Thspena for such industry during the thirteen years since the Iraq is passing through the current financial Bazemth resulting from reliance on oil as the sole source of hard currency and established the economy a solid state of a diverse and multi -resource. years
that oil is a substance finite which is threatening Iraq 's next generation, especially with the innovative techniques have helped to extract crude oil and provided the opportunity for the entry of new producers to the market ,
which led to break the monopoly of producing countries and increasing the supply , which Edorh lead to lower prices, and this is exactly what happened, when he invented the extraction techniques oil and gas shale and sandstone.
also, the other challenge is to create a new industrial technologies compete with oil energy such as biofuels and clean energy or renewable source, and this in turn has become a mandated decreasing with the increase in the proportion of use , and this will inevitably lead to their replacement substitute for power plants fossil fuel.
as the development of hybrid car engine represents a step forward towards the car electrician with engine produce a large torque and works with electricity completely, which would in turn shift in the auto industry and are dispensing fuel Alhaadrokarbone forever, not to mention the global trend supports abandoned and technologies that use fossil fuels , claiming industries it contributes to the environmental pollution and the emission of
T - the industry
is the industry of the pillars of economic security which is part of national security, they provide jobs and the transfer of technology and contribute to raising the standard of living of citizens, and should be based industry on the national and capital in order to held hostage by the forces of does not become foreign.
They must also state that the diversity of its industry between civilian industries to produce goods for domestic consumption and for export, and military industries , or the so - called war production in order to reduce dependence as much as possible on the major countries exporting weapons.
must be considered to be manufacturing sites close to the areas where the raw materials with taking into consideration securing production sites so that they are far from the border , or the expected conflict zones , which will be the future theater of military operations.
divides trade to both internal and external, as internal trade relies on procedures andinternal policies adopted by the state within the geographical area of the country, to ensure the smooth flow of movement of goods and services legally and smooth away from monopoly and dumping while preserving the rights of the consumer.
linked to trade and other activities complementary in turn provide jobs such as transportation, marketing and advertising services, readjustment and restructuring, innovation and development ... etc.
as internal trade linked to the security of transportation routes and availability, and constitute a contract commercial transport a raw vital for the country in terms sustain daily operations and time itself constitute a strategically target for an enemy of plotting to sabotage or occupation.
as for foreign trade, they rely on the possibility of the state to find export outlets of national products in light of the intense competition and the Wild to control the markets resulting from globalization and control of the multinational and intercontinental companies on global markets, as well as dumping and antitrust policies practiced.
and enhance the ability of these companies, liberalization of capital and open markets to developing countries allowing freedom of movement of capital, helped by rapid and short investment medium and sometimes, which led to speculation and the migration of liquid foreign exchange and create economic problems and cash to these countries.
the protection of markets and their durability is one of the duties of two of the National intelligence and National security, the negative Vakherq system of export markets will reflect on the loss of markets and the decline in exports and a decline in financial flows in foreign currency.
Foreign trade is often practiced by the state in order to protect its national security through official channels constitutes a breach of a violation of the rule and aggression, that is, they create a deterrent psychologically and morally to the enemy, and depends where reciprocate at least policy.
other hand, the multinational and intercontinental companies have become dominant on the World trade force is trying to extend its control over international trade to replace the trade agreements ( the state with the state) to become ( the state with the multinational company).
there are countries constitute the trade routes and the normal result of President of hard currency such as Egypt and Panama, so note that they invested in the expansion of the fallopian Suez and Panama in order to adapt to the growth requirements international trade and the technical requirements of the modern means of transportation in terms of tonnage and immersion and reduce the transit time. (
c ) capital
is an important and essential element in the economic security, then the availability of central bank oversees monetary policy and the performance of the national financial institutions represented the government and the mixed and private banks which deposited capital national, whether they are state institutions or companies or citizens as individuals.
so, the central bank immunization in any state of penetration, especially as the penetration of intelligence or penetrate economic sabotage Atstran Berqa financial corruption called Ki Admna not to reveal the list infiltration, and thus will be the death negligent with the best case , according to a criminal matter revolves around bribery and embezzlement while she offense economic sabotage super betrayal , whether it was carried out on the knowledge or without the knowledge of the intentions of the enemy hidden, which is applicable to the government and mixed and private banks (civil).
All these measures will lead to a decline in liquidity and to confuse the business processes and the reluctance of capital to invest in new projects and even reduce themoney invested in the existing business cycles in order to reduce risk.
that it is very important that filed the national capital in the national financial institutions to be invested by funding development projects in industry, agriculture, trade, tourism and Alkhaddmat..k and this will lead to job creation and reducing unemployment rates and reduces the appetite for government jobs and raise the national employment rate and this in turn will lead to the upgrading of higher education and professional and develop the standard of living for individuals
the national capital is itself a productive tool, if properly used, they produce a cash surplus can be stashed away or employed in part or in whole , provided used in economic activity and successful planned well.
so the national security requirements, the State shall safeguard the economic security by providing stability and security and immunity of the head national money, because it has an important role in the development and increase the state 's income and individuals.
the national capital stability will enhance other activities and thus supports the pillars of national and economic security, and this in turn will strengthen the national currency, as well as reducing the need for foreign loans that would have to pay benefits or services to religion and to succumb to the bargaining lenders and international institutions, as well as the formation of inhibitory or undiluted shock fend off the impact of the economic crisis the
in the final analysis, there are countries realized the importance of economic advancement and planned properly to maintain economic security and the advancement of their betterment, Japan has managed to overcome geographical reality and the scarcity of natural resources and has become one of the major industrialized countries ,although it does not have the energy sources and natural resources , as imports of raw materials from abroad.
I managed to overcome the factors imposed by the nature that threaten its existence and its structure through strategic planning optimization as well as the administration of prudent and absolute loyalty to the homeland.
was established with the nuclear reactors to provide electrical energy has been set up manufacturing industries characterized by quality, creativity and innovation as well as the achievement of social justice and the welfare of the Japanese people.
also, there are countries that were able to take advantage of its geographical position as a hub for re - export to neighboring countries, it has played Kuwait this role in the sixties and seventies and eighties but role after 1990 receded to replace the United Arab Emirates Bdelha which became a commercial hub regionally and globally, and supported the establishment of free zones and molded the industries in order to be close to consumer markets
and supported so effectively targeted seasonal marketing, exhibitions and completed it with a network of roads, ports and airports as well as the establishment of hotels and invented tourism shopping, also has increased its beaches area in a smart way by drilling parallel creeks of the coast and in the rear , and thus increased along the coast line, which contributed to the rise in the value of a floor overlooking the industrial water bodies and creeks and sea tongues and artificial islands.
such examples suggest that to achieve economic security is possible, it needs a sound economic planning and political class-conscious and keen on the welfare of its people, and God bless
* economic forum president of Baghdad